Mon, Mar 3, 2014 at 9:55 PM
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN & MIGRATION
Out of every four women, one is a victim of physical and sexual violence worldwide. World Health Organization reports that more than 80 percent of the time, violence occurs by their colleague or spouse. The physical, psychological and sexual harm in an intimate relationship is termed as ‘intimate partner violence’.
Intimate partner violence is a significant setback for any society. However its outcomes are particularly considerable for migrant communities. Migration is a nerve racking procedure and increases the chances of women to be exposed to domestic violence. Men particularly misuse their partners to show power and control over their lives.
Barriers for migrating women:
It is very difficult for a woman to leave an abusive relationship. It is not at all a safe choice and involves a lot of security, health, emotional and financial concerns.
Lack of social support
Women, who leave behind their country of birth and migrate with their partners, are more dependent on them emotionally, socially and financially. Such women stay put in a foul relationship by their own preference because they are socially isolated.
Help seeking behaviors of migrant women, who are sufferers of domestic violence, vary from those of the host culture. They start believing it is acceptable for their spouse to ill-treat them physically, sexually and mentally. Cultural anticipations may also hold back women from asking for assistance, as it would be considered as shameful for the victim and her family.
Inadequate knowledge of local news
When victims have been through awful experience with law enforcement in their country of origin, they are reluctant to seek help. This is also because migrant women lack information about laws regarding domestic abuse. They do not expect justice from legal system and cannot distinguish that the country of destination might work differently.
Fear of deportation
Victims are often threatened by their partners that they can be deported if they report for abusive relationship. As a result a lot of migrant women remain quiet and bear the consequences.
Migrant women must be provided protection against domestic violence else brutality can last for a lifetime and be passed on from generation-to-generation.